Mithais, or sweet dishes, are a significant part of Indian cuisine. While they’re enjoyed during a hearty wholesome meal in India, desserts also are central to all Indian festivals. When it comes to sweet dishes, nobody can beat the numerous forms of sweets India boasts of that are crafted from an entire lot of local ingredients. Most of these sweets are prepared by using milk/ condensed milk, along with cardamom, nuts, pistachio, cashew nut, walnut, and lots of different components for flavor.
Indian desserts vary from region to region, with coconut proving particularly loved throughout the tropical south. Take, for instance, Goa’s rosewater-scented, coconut-and-semolina cake, known as baath. The northern (laddu, kaju katli), southern (Mysore Pak, double ka meetha), eastern (rasgulla, sandesh), and western parts (basundi, modak) of India, each have their local traditional delicacies. In eastern West Bengal jaggery is a very common ingredient that is incorporated into dense, and soft sandesh (a local specialty), made of cardamom-scented paneer. And within the central-northern regions—heavily influenced by the Persian techniques and ingredients elegant treats like the vivacious saffron toast is often blinged out with silver leaf.
Let us have a look at the traditional Indian desserts popular in different regions.
North India- Arsa, Apple Halwa, Balu shahi, Boondi, Gajar ka halwa, ghevar, Gulab Jamun, Imarti, jalebi, kaju katli, kalakand, kheer, khirmohan, kulfi, laddu, lassi, Motichur laddu, Malpua, Nankhatai, Petha, Phirni, Rabri, Sheera, Singori, Sohan Halwa.
East India- Amriti, Cham cham, Chandrapuli, Chhena gaja, Chhena jalebi, chhena Jhili,Chhena kheeri, chhena poda, Chuda ghasa,Coconut Barfi, kheer sagar, Ledikeni, Lyangcha, Malapua, Mihidana, Misti doi, Pantua, Pithe, puri khaja, Rabri, Rasabali, Ras malai,Rasgulla, Sirir naru.
South india- Ada, Adhirasam,Ariselu,Bandar laddu,chikki,Dharwad pedha, Double kaa meetha, Gavvalu, Jaangiri, Kakinada khaja, Kunda, Kuzhi paniyaram, Mysore pak, Obbattu,Palathalikalu,Poornalu, Pongal, Pootharekulu, khubani ka meetha, Kesari bath, Ksheer korma, Unni Appam, junnu.
West India- Anarsa, Basundi, Dhondas, Doodhpak, Kharvas, Mahim halwa, Modak, puran poli, Shankarpali, Shrikhand, sutar feni etc. There are various types of desserts available in India.
Here are the 6 most popular and delicious Indian desserts that you need to try on your visit to the country.
There are various milk-based puddings in India and kheer is quite possibly the most-cherished among them. It is made by boiling rice with flavored milk and sugar and later embellished with saffron, cardamom, dry nuts & fruits. Kheer, phirni, and payasam are different versions of Indian milk-based desserts. In South India, rice is substituted with vermicelli and the dish is known as seviyan.
Incredibly delicate and cushiony paneer (cottage cheese) balls dunked in luxurious sweet milk; Rasmalai is one of the Majestic Indian desserts that would add beauty to any event and be the star of the PARTY!!! A striking Indian treat where everything is prepared from scratch starting from the coagulation of milk to isolate into the paneer which is then formed into balls, cooked in simple or flavored sugar syrup which is then soaked in the milk that has been seasoned with intriguing flavors like saffron, cardamom, and rich nuts.
Gajar ka halwa
Gajar ka halwa is a dessert made from grounded carrots, which are first simmered in milk and cardamom. The mixture is then fried in ghee & sugar. Finally, the dish is garnished with dried nuts & fruits. This delicious dessert started becoming popular during the Mughal period and today, it’s served during both Hindu and Muslim festivals in India, including Diwali and Eid al-Fitr.
Like sandesh, rasgulla is originally made up of chenna. These soft spongy spherical dumplings are cooked in a flavored sweet syrup until the juice infiltrates the dough. This Indian sweet is so popular that two Indian states, West Bengal and Odisha are fighting over it for years, where each of them is claiming that this delicacy originated in their respective region.
Fried, crispy and sugar-coated, Jalebi is crowned as the national sweet of India. They’re a very common street food in India and are available everywhere from local sweet shops to sophisticated restaurants. Typically sold in the Northern & Western regions, it’s also a very popular breakfast in India with a cup of tea or a glass of warm milk. Jalebi is also good for migraines and anxiety disorders.
Gulab jamun came to India from Persia (Iran) when Muslim rulers began showing up in India and setting up their lines here. These desserts are made of khoya, which is a ball-formed milk powder. The khoyas are deep-fried in oil and then immersed in a sweet flavored syrup, which is normally enhanced with saffron & rose water.